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Impearls: HIC 6.2.3: Numbers

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Earthdate 2005-11-12

Numbers

The five named towns on Mad River are credited with the following numbers of houses, according to two Yurok sources:

Ma'awor 7 4
Tegwol 3
Erlerw 20
Sepola 15 10
Osok 5 4

This gives averages of 9 and 6 houses per village.  The latter figure is that obtaining among the Yurok and probably higher than that for the Chilula, and is more likely to be correct.  At this rate, the population of the five settlements would have been a little over 200; and the entire Wiyot population would have amounted to perhaps 800, or not over 1,000.  An 1853 estimate set the former figure.  The 1910 census yielded over 150, but classed half of them as of mixed blood.

The following estimates are of interest:

Wiyot. Yurok. Karok. Hupa. Chilula.
Miles of river navigable to a canoe 25 50 60 35 (30)
Population 500 1,800 1,500 1,000 600
Per mile 20 35 25 30 20
Miles of ocean, bay, or lagoon shore 50 50
Population 500 700
Per mile 10 15

It is clear that streams were more sought as habitations than the coast in this part of California.  Furthermore, practically all of the coast settlements, among the Tolowa and Yurok as well as the Wiyot, lay on bays, lagoons, or the mouths of streams rather than on the ocean shore itself.



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