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Impearls: HIC 6.2.4: Place names

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Earthdate 2005-11-12

Place names

These are Wiyot names for foreign places:  Datogak, Oil Creek; Chwaregadachitl, Bear River; Tsekiot, Cape Mendocino; Wecharitl, south of the mouth of Mattole River.  These are in Mattole territory.  Wiyot “Metol” may be the source of this name, or merely taken over from the Americans.

Yurok places:  Pletkatlshamalitl, Little River; Dakachawayawik, Trinidad village, Yurok Tsurau; Ktlonechk, Trinidad Head; Chirokwan, Patrick Point; Ri'tsap, a village on Big Lagoon; Tsi'push, Stone Lagoon, Yurok Tsahpekw; Hapsh, Redwood Creek, Yurok Orekw; Chugichechwelage, Redding Rock; Eshkapsh, Gold Bluff, Yurok Espau; Katkadalitl, Requa, Yurok Rekwoi; Ikti'n, the Klamath River; Dalitlrukiwar, Wilson Creek, Yurok, O'men; Takeluwalitl, Weitchpec, Yurok Weitspus, also the Trinity River.

The Karok village of Panamenik at Orleans was Gatsewinas.

In Athabascan territory:  Kawa'tlakw, on Redwood Creek, below Bair; Tanataptlagerawakw, at Bair; Dalekwuta'tl, Berry, on the same stream; Wameriwauk, upstream; Talawulitskilik, Bald Hills, between Redwood Creek and the Klamath; Dat-hanetkek, Murphy; Pletalauleli'n, Three Cabins; Pletkukach, Map River Gap, or near it; Gukech, Kneeland Prairie.

Wiyot names of tribes:  All Athabascans, Wishashk; Yurok (the language), Denakwate-lak; Karok, Guradalitl, the speech, Guradalitl-rakwe-lak; Tolowa, Dalawa; Hupa, Haptana; Wintun or Chimariko of the upper Trinity, Deiwin.

It appears from several of the foregoing examples that the Wiyot and Yurok did not always follow the regional practice of translating or making anew each other's village names, but occasionally took them over with merely phonetic alteration.



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