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Impearls: HIC 1.1: Northwestern California

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Earthdate 2005-11-12

Northwestern California   by A. L. Kroeber

Fig. A (N): Early Indian Tribes, Culture Areas, and Linguistic Stocks, northwestern U.S. excerpt.
Fig. A (S): Early Indian Tribes, Culture Areas, and Linguistic Stocks, southwestern U.S. excerpt.

Figure A – Early Indian Tribes, Culture Areas, and Linguistic Stocks
(western U.S. excerpt).  National Atlas of the United States.  Legend to map. A
 

This history begins with an account of the Yurok, a nation resident on the lower Klamath River, near and along the Pacific Ocean, in extreme northern California (Pl. 1 [Fig. A]), surrounded by peoples speaking diverse languages but following the same remarkable civilization.  The complete aspect of this civilization is un-Californian.  It is at bottom the southernmost manifestation of that great and distinctive culture the main elements of which are common to all the peoples of the Pacific coast from Oregon to Alaska; is heavily tinctured with locally developed concepts and institutions; and further altered by some absorption of ideas from those tribes to the south and east who constitute the true California of the ethnologist.

This civilization, which will hereafter be designated as that of northwestern California, attains on the whole to a higher level, as it is customary to estimate such averaged values, than any other that flourished in what is now the State of California.  But it is better described as an unusually specialized culture, for the things in which it is deficient it lacks totally; and these are numerous and notable.



1 comments:  (End
(Perma)  On Monday, August 25, 2008 at 2:44:00 PM GMT, Blogger Henry wrote:   
Have you read "Ishi in Two Worlds" by Theodora Kroeber, the wife of A.L. Kroeber? It is a fascinating, yet sad account of the last Yana Indian. I was glad to learn that, when Ishi died, Prof. Kroeber and his colleagues buried him in accord with Yana practice, as closely as they could.

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